Viewing a caravan – what to look out for – Buying Your First Caravan 09

Viewing a caravan - what to look out forWelcome to post number 9 in the “Buying Your First Caravan” series. Today the topic is things you should look out for when viewing a caravan you are thinking about buying.

Lets begin…

What should you look out for?

The nature of a caravan being a home on wheels with all your normal household appliances in one small area carries with it a fair share of issues from time to time. Some more so than others. The history of a caravan, ie. how it has been looked after by its previous owners (if any) can play a big part in its current condition. Many caravanners believe that if they only took one trip away in the caravan during the last year since their last service that it can simply wait until next year, unfortunately this is not the case. Caravans should be serviced once a year (as we discussed in post number 4 of this series) to uncover any existing problems before they have the opportunity to become big expensive problems. This leads on to the first thing you should check for…

Does the caravan have a service history?

When a caravan has a service, as with a car, the owner is given an invoice / results detailing the work results of the service and if there is a service manual this should be stamped. Ask to see any service history that the caravan has as this will aid you in your further checks.

Has the caravan had any repairs?

Ask the current owner / dealer if the caravan has had any repairs that have been carried out in the past. You may not always get an honest reply, you can sometimes learn of repairs from receipts in the service history. Why is a repair a problem I hear you ask, well its not always an issue but if the caravan has had a damp repair then you want to make sure you know where the problem was and by whom the repair was carried out by. Also you will need to know if the repair is still under warranty. A damp repair is a very hard thing to undertake, and in experience they are rarely permanent no matter how skilled the workman who carried out the repair was. Something to bare in mind. Similarly with accident repairs, you want to know if the work is under any kind of guarantee.

Does the caravan have existing finance on it?

To sell on a vehicle that has existing finance on it is wrong, I am no legal expert but I do believe it is against the law. You may think that it is responsibility of the buyer but you would be wrong. If you were to buy a caravan with existing finance on it and the finance company found out, they are within their legal rights to repossess the vehicle from you without any compensation. This obviously ends very badly for you as you are left with no caravan and no money. You should ask the seller if the caravan has finance on it, but I would still recommend doing your own checks. You can do this by calling HPI on 01722 411 430 and paying them £14.95 (correct at the time of writing) and quoting them the CRiS number of the caravan (17 digit number etched on the bottom corner of each window), they will then be able to tell you a number of different things including; any outstanding finance and if it has been reported stolen. This may seem like a lot of money but it could potentially save you thousands.

Does the caravan have a damp problem?

Damp is probably the number one issue with caravans, young and old! It can also be one of the most expensive things to have put right. There are a number of checks you can perform along with some tell-tale signs that you should look out for. The first (and best) test you can do is to invest in a damp meter, damp meters are very inexpensive and as with the HPI check can potentially save you buying a load of trouble. A damp meter has metal prongs sticking out of the top of it that you push gently into the wall board of a caravan. Meter will then give you a percentage reading. This reading will tell if the caravan has a damp problem or not. When I damp test caravans this is the reading scale I use:

1. 0 – 15% – normal readings = no problem
2. 15 – 20% – higher than average (unless in winter time) = further inspection required
3. 20% + – high damp readings = problem

(Watch a video showing how to damp test a caravan)

If you have a damp meter here is a list of the places that you should check (most common water ingress points):
NOTE: Inserting the damp meters prongs into rubber seals or against metal will give a high reading that does not reflect water content, do not be confused by this. Only insert prongs into wood / wall board.

* Under windows – check around the corners of the windows and lift the rubber to make sure the stick work is not black with rot
* Around the entrance door
* Around the outside of any external lockers, mains and gas BBQ points
* Front and rear corners of the caravan
* In the top storage lockers where the side panel meets the roof
* Around the outside of roof lights
* Joining side panel seams – If the caravan’s side panels consist of two joining pieces of metal, try to check along the seam on the inside of the caravan

Here is a list of further checks you can do and some tell-tale signs of damp inside a caravan:

Smell – The smell of a caravan is the first tell-tale sign I notice when walking into a caravan. Moldy smells often indicate there may be some damp which by this stage is normally quite extensive. Also take note of any pleasant overpowering smells that may have been created in the caravan to cover any nasty smells.

Dark damp patchesDark patches – Dark patches on the wall board under and around windows etc can indicate that water has stained them. It can very hard to spot in bad light so I recommend taking a torch. See image >>

Spongy walls & the knock test – Caravan wall board should not be spongy, if it is, its likely that water has gotten in. A simple test I use is to knock on the wall board, if it makes a dull thud then you should inspect this area further. If it makes a normal bang sound then move on.

Different wall board – A trick some dodgy traders may use is to place a different colour wall board over the existing damp one.

If you are looking at caravans older than around 1995 the chances are it will have some damp somewhere. You just need to make sure there is as little as possible if it is going to last you any length of time.

Miscellaneous costly to repair problems

in addition to the main points above there are a number of other things I would recommend you look out for when viewing a caravan. Now many of these are more aesthetic than practical issues but I wanted to mention them as they can be costly to put right if they are a problem for you.

Spongy floor – If the floor in the caravan is spongy it has fallen into the nasty grasp of delamination. Delaminated floors can be repaired by inserting expanding foam into the floor that hardens to reinforce the floor. Beware of any carpets or cardboard that has been laid in areas of the caravan, remove it as press firmly on the floor with your foot to test. People will often try to hide this problem by covering with mats and cardboard.

Blown / cracked windows – You will if a window is blown because when you open it and look at it from a side perspective it will be swollen. The swelling of the window will then gradually pull the window away from the seal and allow water to penetrate, this is a common cause of water ingress. The cause of a blown window is normally because of a creeping crack on the window surround. Replacement windows costs anything from £100 right up to over £600 to replace!

Cracked sinks and shower trays – Another common issue in used caravans is that the shower trays and sinks get brittle. It only takes for something heavy to fall onto the surface of them and they will crack. They are costly to repair or replace and cracked shower trays can potentially expose the floor beneath to damp.

Splits in taps and shower heads – This is an important one to look out for. If either the taps or shower head is cracked it may be that the caravan was not drained down over the winter, this means that this is potentially just the tip of the iceberg of the frost damage. Ask to see the water tank (if it has one) and water heater to further inspect for damage.

Holes in worksurfaces – Caravan worksurfaces have to be light weight and so are manufactured hollow with some reinforcing corrugation inside. If something heavy like a can of beans falls out of the cupboard while travelling it could easily put a hole in it. Replacing the worksurface is pretty much out of the question as it would cost a small fortune. Repairs can be done but you will always be able to see it. I have seen on a few occasions where a pretty tile has been inserted where a crack was to make good of a bad situation, very nice!

Out of place stickers – If you notice strange and out of place stickers on the outside of the caravan this could indicate that there are holes that are being obstructed from view. This is a major problem as water can easily find its way into the caravan and become a serious damp problem. Inspect further if this is the case.

Summary

Okay so to recap, we spoke in detail about what you should look out for when viewing a caravan you are thinking of buying including; damp service history, damage and existing finance. Do you have any questions about viewing a caravan? Ask me in the comments section below, I’ll gladly advise you as best I can. You might also want to take a look at this post I wrote on 100 things to check when viewing a caravan.

As we will be moving to the 10th and final post tomorrow I hope you have learned enough to be able to make an informed decision as that is exactly what it is about; making the final decision.

That’s it! Now let’s interact below…

Comments (13)
  1. Sharon July 28, 2013
    • Josh Garrod July 29, 2013
  2. Caravan Living September 29, 2013
  3. Melissa Jackson January 18, 2014
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    • Josh Garrod August 19, 2014
  5. Rob April 17, 2015
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    • Josh June 18, 2016
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